Fungal infections (part-2)

health May 24, 2021

Types of fungal diseases

Mild fungal skin disease : most common fungal disease which appears like a rash on the skin.

Candidiasis (Thrush): another most common fungal disease, commonly arises in mouth and genitals. Candida albicans causes vaginal yeast infections in women and it  may be due to antibiotics, stress, and hormone imbalances, or poor eating habits etc.

Candida infections also cause fungal toenail infections and diaper rash.
Onychomycosis or Fungal toe nail infection: may be caused due to an injury or surgery to the nail, blood circulation problems or diabetes. Yeasts and moulds enter the nails through small cracks and infect the nails. finger nails and toe nails become thick, discolored and fragile. Sometimes it may also lead to athlete’s foot.

Tinea or Ringworm: Tinea are of several types and all cause itchy, red, scaly patches on skin. Tinea infections are highly contagious and can spread via hair brushes, clothes and direct contact.

Jock itch : Another common fungal skin infection is Tinea cruris, commonly known as jock itch. It is mildly contagious. It lives in moist areas of the body, such as the groin, buttocks, and inner thighs.

Athlete's foot : T. pedis or athlet’s foot is commonly associated with sportswear, such as socks and shoes and sports equipment. It affects the spaces between the toes and sides of the feet. The growth of the fungus is common in warm and moist environments where it can quickly multiply.

Not all itchy feet are the athlete's foot infections. Proper diagnosis will decide the actual fungal infection.

Tinea capitis (ring worm of the scalp) affects the scalp or neck. ) It is common among children and it starts as small sores which later develop into itchy, scaly bald patches.

T. corporis (ring worm of the body) affects the non-hairy parts of the body and it appears as patches with the characteristic “ring” shape.

Ringworm of the scalp or body is not really a worm, but it is a fungal infection. It gets the name ringworm because the fungus makes circular marks on the body and scalp.

Ring worm lives on dead tissues, such as the skin, hair, and nails. Anyone can develop ringworm infection but it is common among people who have pet cats and dogs.

Ringworm is highly contagious, and it can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, or from contact with pets, such as dogs and cats. Both cats and dogs can catch ringworm and pass it on to humans who touch them.

Bread Mold infection: Bread Mold is a type of fungus that grows in areas with poor ventilation and in humid environments such as bathroom or kitchen, cluttered storage areas, recently flooded areas etc. Food contaminated with mold is toxic because the mold secretes fungal poisons (mycotoxins) into the food. Eating such food is dangerous.

Continue reading the next part from here

In case you missed the First part, here is the link


A. Sandhya

M.Sc Zoology

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