Fungal infections (part-3)

health May 25, 2021


The most common symptoms of all types of fungal infections are
Red, scaly rash, itching, lesions or yellow white colored sores that appear in the form of patches,  diarrhea, nausea, vomiting etc.

Other symptoms of mold infection are allergy, watery and itchy eyes, a chronic cough, headaches or migraines, difficulty in breathing, tiredness, sinus problems, nasal blockage and frequent sneezing.


Fungi cannot be killed easily. Fungal infections are treated with topical antifungal ointments and in the case of severe infections, oral medications are required.

Topical antifungal ointments are to be applied to the affected areas till the last visible rash disappears.

To treat oral candidiasis, Dequalinium chloride lozenges, and Di-iodohydroxyquinoline for vulvovaginal candidiasis are to be used.
To treat oral candidiasis, Dequalinium chloride lozenges, and Di-iodohydroxyquinoline for vulvovaginal candidiasis are to be used.

Antifungal foot powder such as ciclopirox, econazole, miconazole, tolnaftate should be sprinkled in the shoes.


Athlete’s foot can be prevented by keeping feet clean and dry. Wearing sandals in public showers or locker rooms can allow the feet plenty of air to breathe.

Hygienic conditions like keeping the skin clean and dry can help treat and prevent ringworm.

Wearing loose-fitting natural fibers, avoiding contact with infected persons and avoiding sharing the items, such as towels and sporting equipment can prevent Jock itch.

Infected animals should be identified and treated to avoid ring worm infection.

Avoiding walking bare foot, wearing sandals or aquasocks in public showers, pools, locker rooms and sports changing rooms can prevent fungal infections.
The affected areas should be kept dry and clean.

Underwear garments should be washed in very hot water.

Wearing same garments for longer periods should be avoided and they have to be changed regularly.

Diapers should be changed frequently to avoid diaper rash.

Fingernails and toenails are to be clipped short and kept clean to avoid fungal nail Infection. Nail clippers should not be shared.

Nail hygiene should be maintained by visiting a nail salon licensed by the cosmetology board.

The shower and bath tub are to be cleaned cautiously with bleaching powder to prevent the growth of the fungus.

Wearing occlusive footwear such as gum boots or trekking boots, occlusive clothing such as wet weather gear and nylon legwear for longer periods should be avoided.

The floor where we walk bare feet has to be washed regularly.

Eating moldy food should be avoided to prevent allergy, nausea and vomiting.

Eating a balanced diet, avoiding alcohol, and maintaining proper hygienic conditions will keep away fungal infections.

Photo by S O C I A L . C U T / Unsplash

Plenty of YOGHURT should be eaten to replace bacteria in the gut destroyed by antibiotics.

In case you haven't read the other parts of this article, here are the links:



A. Sandhya

M.Sc Zoology

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